Dirofilariasis of dogs
What are heartworm dogs in dogs? Dirofilariasis is caused by round worms of the species Dirofilaria immitis. These chevries live in the right chambers of the heart and pulmonary arteries…

Continue reading →

Calicivirus cats: symptoms, treatment, vaccination
Different strains of the virus lead to different symptoms with varying degrees of severity. It can be Discharge from the eyes and nose Heat Mouth ulcers Loss of appetite Lethargy…

Continue reading →

Chlamydia cats: symptoms, treatment, tests, vaccination
Chlamydia is a common infection in cats in Russia. The causative agent of the disease is intracellular bacterium (lives in the cat's cells). Chlamydia species affecting cats - Chlamydia felis.…

Continue reading →

Eye disease. Blepharitis in domestic animals.

Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids. The disease is quite common in dogs, some breeds are especially predisposed to it (bulldogs, mastiffs, labradors, rottweilers, pugs and some others).

Causes of illness

The causes of the disease may be the following factors:

congenital anomalies of the structure of the auxiliary apparatus of the eyes (volvulus, trichiasis);
tumors, injuries;
allergic reactions;
parasitic invasions (demodicosis);
infection with a bacterial or fungal infection.
Clinical manifestation

Blepharitis in dogs occurs most often chronically, with bilateral lesion of the eyelids. The disease is accompanied by redness and swelling of the eyelids around the edges, their thickening, severe itching – the animal constantly seeks to comb the itchy spots, while seeding the tissues with microbial flora and aggravating the course of inflammation.

The clinical picture of blepharitis is characterized by lacrimation, blepharospasm, the discharge from the eyes of serous, mucous or purulent outflows of yellowish color, drying on the surface of the eyelids in the form of crusts. The long course of the purulent process often leads to inflammation of the cornea due to constant irritation of the eyeball with lytic enzymes contained in pus.

Blepharitis can occur foci or diffuse. Focal superficial blepharitis is barley – inflammation of the sebaceous gland of the lid of the eyelid. With the defeat of the middle layer of eyelids occurs meybomit, in which meibomian glands are inflamed. Chalazion (hail), which occurs with purulent inflammation of meybomium glands and blockage of the excretory duct of the abscess with compacted purulent masses, is the most difficult and difficult to treat.

Diffuse blepharitis most often develops with chronic keratitis and conjunctivitis, demodicosis, mycoses, allergies.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis of blepharitis should be carried out exclusively by a veterinarian in the clinic, best of all, if it is a specialist in blepharitis. After examining the eyelids, an ophthalmologic examination is carried out to clarify the extent and depth of tissue damage. If necessary, the material is taken for analysis (KLA, bakposev, allergy tests). It is extremely important to establish the cause of the disease, since the treatment tactics depend on it.

Treatment of blepharitis is carried out on the basis of the identified etiological factor. As a local treatment, the eyelids are treated with antiseptics (chlorhexidine solution, sterile saline solution), and purulent crusts are removed. For ever impose warm saline compresses.

In case of bacterial inflammation, the affected tissues are treated with an antiseptic solution, an ointment with antibiotics, and systemic antibacterial preparations may be prescribed. With demodicosis, external and systemic antiparasitic agents are used, with mycoses – antifungal drugs.

When allergic genesis of blepharitis, antihistamine medication is prescribed. When congenital anomalies of the structure of the eyelids, tumors, chalasion surgery is necessary.

In the veterinary clinic, treatment of blepharitis in dogs is carried out by experienced highly qualified doctors using the most effective regimens and medications.

We will help your pet! Clinic “VetProfi” is waiting for you!

10 questions you should ask your veterinarian
In order to diagnose faster and more accurately, it is extremely important for a veterinarian to obtain comprehensive information. Before visiting the veterinary clinic, we recommend owners write a list…

...

Is the dog healthy? How to determine.
In this article I will touch on the general health issues of dogs, and especially this aspect of the dog-owner relationship, such as attention and care for your dog. Remember,…

...

Calicivirus cats: symptoms, treatment, vaccination
Different strains of the virus lead to different symptoms with varying degrees of severity. It can be Discharge from the eyes and nose Heat Mouth ulcers Loss of appetite Lethargy…

...

Is the dog healthy? How to determine.
In this article I will touch on the general health issues of dogs, and especially this aspect of the dog-owner relationship, such as attention and care for your dog. Remember,…

...